Category: new dental equipment

Common Questions Regarding Invisalign Treatment in Canada

Crooked teeth alignment Invisalign therapy Toronto

Archer Dental is a market leader in the delivery of dental services in Toronto which include orthodontics, and that includes Invisalign treatment. Patients who may be considering getting clear aligners to fix crooked teeth, crowded teeth, overlapping teeth, or teeth with gaps between them can read our popular blog post, So, you’re getting Invisalign? which walks readers through the entire process.

Invisalign is the original clear aligner treatment invented by Zia Chisti in the 1990’s which all other systems and concepts emulate. Invisalign can be used to correct overbites, underbites, crossbites, and open bites. Invisalign aligners are manufactured by Align Technology using the patented SmartTrack® material. This plastic resin recipe is a value-added component and helps differentiate the brand from competitors.

List all clear aligner brands available in Canada

Invisalign is not the only brand of clear aligners. The Canadian marketplace is split between seven major providers.

  1. Invisalign
  2. SmileDirectClub Canada
  3. AlignerCO
  4. NewSmile
  5. ClearCorrect
  6. Secret Smile
  7. SureCure

SureCure is headquartered in Milton, Ontario.

Why Archer Dental Chooses SureCure?

Archer Dental is an official distributor of the SureCure clear aligner system in the Canada. SureCure is very similar to Invisalign. Both systems straighten teeth using custom fit plastic aligners. The aligners are modeled on the orthodontic patient’s teeth and are designed to be discreet which means that most of the time, the public won’t even notice the user is receiving treatment. Like all other clear aligners, they’re food friendly and can be removed for eating as well as brushing, flossing, and cleaning.

Archer Dental recommends the SureCure system to orthodontic patients because it’s an entirely Canadian solution that’s proven to be equally efficient at producing good results. SureCure is just as reliable and better priced. This solution is less expensive than Invisalign and costs about the same as metal braces.

SureCure uses a premium FDA-approved biocompatible plastic called Zendura FLX™ and has 3D imaging software called SureScan that’s comparable to Invisalign’s software and offers the same level of customization, and many of the same tracking features.

Covered by dental insurance, most Canadian plans will absorb the cost of SureCure clear aligners for orthodontic treatment, just as they would for conventional braces.

Archer Dental patients work us directly to map out their treatment plans based on their unique needs.

How Invisalign pioneered orthodontic treatment using clear aligners?

Invisalign is the original clear aligner therapy developed in the 1990s. Because this company pioneered clear aligner orthodontic therapy, its name has become the most well-known term associated with the invisible braces concept. Yet there are over a half-dozen competitors here in Canada, and even more abroad. So do why people choose Invisalign?

Registered SmartTrack material helps to align teeth. Also, Invisalign offers personalized trimming service so the aligners can be specially adjusted to each wearers’ gum line. Other aligners are created from the plastic that Invisalign used before they researched and developed this superior recipe.

3D ClinCheck software helps make Invisalign the most predictable and accurate solution in terms of forecasting results. With this software, all treatments can be accurately planned beforehand, which means that the best possible solutions can be charted and guesswork is eliminated. Patients can see the path and see how their teeth will move from where they are at present to where they will be at the end of the treatment.

Invisalign’s built-in compliance indicators are developed to make it easy for parents and orthodontic professionals to check and confirm whether their teenaged patient has been wearing the aligners correctly and frequently enough. Parents can also take reassurance in the Invisalign Teen Guarantee, which offers metal braces from competitors if a parent is unsatisfied with the clear aligners’ progress.

Do Invisalign’s Chewies speed treatment?

Invisalign’s Chewies do not directly increase the speed of treatment, but they are good therapy to increase the comfort and efficacy of the overall program. Made with a Styrene copolymer, Chewies are small, spongy cushions that patients can chew to help close air gaps between Invisalign aligners and their teeth. The soft material is formed into cylinder-shaped cushions and are available in various colors and flavors. Biting down on them for five or ten minutes a few times a day and especially when ‘breaking-in’ new aligners helps the device fit more securely against teeth. New aligners may not fit perfectly right away. Using chewies can provide extra pressure to help straighten teeth.

What are Invisalign Grips? Attachments? SureCure Amplifiers?

Invisalign grips refers to the attachments that are little, tooth-colored dots made of composite filling material that are bonded to teeth to help the Invisalign aligners move teeth. SureCure uses a similar system and the attachments are called amplifiers.

The bits are usually placed around the middle of the tooth where they serve as anchors to make aligners work more effectively.

Invisalign attachment on teeth of orthodontic patient at Archer Dental

The attachment can be any shape: circular, square, rectangular, or triangular. The type patients receive depends on the goal to be achieved, like tooth rotation, intrusion, or extrusion.

How to keep Invisalign attachments white?

Invisalign attachments or buttons may get stained because of eating habits or poor tooth-cleaning techniques. It makes the attachment noticeable and sometimes becomes bad for dental health. But this is a common problem and patients can prevent or mitigate the situation simply by keeping the aligner clean and not drinking red wine, black coffee, or smoking cigarettes. Those vices are the main offenders.

Sadly there is no recommended method for whitening the attachments by themselves but if they become too discoloured Archer Dental staff can help reinvigorate them (or remove and reapply fresh attachments).

How to remove Invisalign attachments?

Invisalign attachments are removed by the dentist as easily as they’re placed. Dentists use water polishers to smooth away the deposit. They’re cleaned away until they are no longer raised bumps or at all visible.

Do not attempt to remove attachments yourself — they are bonded to your teeth and need to be removed with the proper instruments so that your dental enamel does not get damaged. If an attachment is loose or falls off, don’t try to scrape away the remaining material.

How to use Invisalign Cleaning Crystals?

Invisalign Cleaning Crystals are designed by the Invisalign company for thorough cleaning and disinfecting of clear aligners and retainers. They are specially formulated to kill bacteria growing on the aligners, and remove any plaque to keep them fresh and clean. Soak your aligners or retainers with Invisalign Cleaning Crystals daily for clean, fresh, and sparkling smiles. The formula is designed to clean both SmartTrack Invisalign clear aligners and Vivera Invisalign retainers.

To use Invisalign cleaning crystals, first rinse your aligners or retainers under warm water to remove any lingering debris. Fill a clean glass with warm water, and dissolve an individual package of Invisalign Cleaning Crystals into the water. Stir to dissolve. Add both aligners to the glass, and soak for 15-30 minutes. Rinse under running warm water before placing back in your mouth. You can also brush them gently with a soft-bristled toothbrush to brush off any other residue on the aligners. Invisalign Cleaning Crystals are entirely safe and designed specifically for cleaning clear aligners and retainers. they’re made of non-toxic materials that break down bacteria and dissolve plaque. They are clinically proven to keep your aligners clean and reduce discoloration and staining.

Invisalign Cleaning Crystals Procedure

  1. Rinse the aligner under warm running-water to remove debris and wash off any excess saliva.
  2. Fill a clean glass or any container with enough lukewarm water to submerge the aligner.
  3. Empty a packet of the Invisalign crystals into the cleaning tub.
  4. Place the aligner in this cleaning solution. It is recommended to soak the aligners for 15 minutes.
  5. Take out the aligner from the cleaning solution and rinse it again with lukewarm water.
  6. Take a soft-bristled brush and gently scrub the aligner on both the sides so that the leftover particles can be removed.
  7. Thoroughly rinse the aligner the final time. The plastic is now refreshed, should feel and appear cleaner, and is ready to wear again.
  8. With Invisalign Cleaning Crystals, you get the deep clean that is needed to keep your aligners looking their best. When you remove your aligners from the cleaning vessel, they should be fresh, clean, and ready to wear.

Can Invisalign cause neck and shoulder pain?

Wearing clear aligners by itself is unlikely to cause neck and shoulder pain, but it can worsen TMJ (Temporomandibular joint) disorder and that can result in a pronounced neck and shoulder pain. The temporomandibular joint is a joint connected to numerous oculofacial muscles and allows for sideways and vertical movement. When it’s inflamed or injured, TMJ can cause pain in many areas, such as the neck, shoulders or lower back. It’s also possible to experience shoulder pain if patients are clenching and grinding on their aligners. This puts a lot of pressure on your jaw joint, causing the problem. The good news is that clear aligners are removable and patients can simply take a break from treatment until any discomfort subsides.

Can Invisalign clear plastic aligners be put in the recycling bin?

Invisalign aligners cannot be recycled as they are composed of a medical grade polyurethane resin which is rather unique in the marketplace. In this respect that can be added to the list of other non-recyclable plastics which includes cereal box plastic, bubble wrap, clear plastic wrap, some department store bags, potato chip bags, single slice cheese wrappers, and most candy wrappers.

Recent Breakthroughs in Root Canal Therapy

root canal therapy toronto

Archer Dental’s Root Canal Therapy is a compendium of scientific knowledge passed down through generations of dentists in a great scientific tradition where everyone stands on the shoulders of those who came before them. In the twelve years Archer Dental has been in business, our dental professionals have performed countless endodontic surgeries and so we know firsthand how things were done differently, not so very long ago.

Archer Dental’s own practice continues to evolve with new medications and better instrumentation and our own learning experiences. We’ve seen firsthand how things have changed, and the remarkable advances made by our industry’s leaders in just the last decade. But the challenge of improving oral health care has been a worthwhile and ongoing struggle since the early 1700s. What recent breakthroughs have changed root canal therapy?

How has root canal therapy been improved by science?

Root canal therapy has become easier and more effective since the 1990s because of four categories of advances. These are, 1) Nickle Titanium alloyed endodontic files, 2) better irrigation and disinfection systems, 3) enhanced optical devices for dentists, 4) and laser assisted root canal treatments. We’re so fortunate to live in the 21st Century, and when you see some of the groundbreaking new dental instruments below as compared to the 18th century, you may better understand our supreme good fortune; our society is wealthy with valuable knowledge.

1) Endodontic instruments made of Nickel Titanium alloys,

Nickel Titanium alloys developed for military purposes in the 1960’s and the continued development of rotary nickel-titanium blades in an angular file. This device has sharp cutting edges which are used to mechanically shape and prepare the tooth’s root canals during endodontic therapy or to remove any obturating material while performing retreatment. Introducing nickel titanium into rotary files used in endodontics has revolutionized the way root canal preparations are done, enabling more complicated systems to be shaped.

2) Better irrigation systems and acoustic streaming to disinfect root canals.

Without detailing the chemistry and physics of the procedure, let’s clarify that irrigation is more complicated with endodontic procedures because it’s actually part of the therapy. More than the chemical make-up of the irrigant itself, there are some new physics at play. New applicators use acoustic streaming which harness the circulation of fluid and hydrodynamic shear forces that occur around a vibrating object are used to help break-up the decay. Chemical irrigant and hydrodynamic applicators combine to become a doubly effective chemical canal disinfection procedure.

3) Enhanced optical tools for oral health professionals.

The next generation of optical loupes, or dental loupes, have high-quality glass with LCD components which help dentists better visualize their work during all surgeries but especially when performing root canal therapy. Monocular or binocular loupes generally have 3.5x magnification which is the most common setting. With a large field of view, most also have cameras which can record clear images of the area being viewed due to a generous depth of field (because there’s so much light). Having incredible vision is useful when performing root canal therapy.

4) Laser-assisted root canal treatment.

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation or LASER therapy can remove or modify both the soft and hard tissues of the mouth. The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved the use of lasers in root canal therapy. Lasers essentially emit intense focused light energy which can affect biological tissue. Lasers can now be used to open the surface of a tooth as well as to access the root canal, remove diseased tissue, clean, disinfect and shape the canal, and even fill it. Lasers are supplementing or even replacing drills and other traditional tools for root canal procedures because they’re more precise incisors which can target bacteria and infected material with greater accuracy, at times preserving more of the healthy tooth structure. Additionally, they can reduce discomfort by eliminating the jarring sounds of drills as well as reducing the amount of local anesthesia.

Breakthrough Dental Instruments of the early 18th Century

Since prehistory, as early as 7000 BC the tools for dentistry and jewelry-making were interchangeable. A bow drill used for drilling holes in shells and glass or ceramic beads could also be used for drilling holes in teeth. Specialized dental tools did not appear until the 14th century when Guy de Chauliac invented the Dental Pelican which was in use until 18th century. It was replaced by the Dental Key and that advancement appeared for the first time around 1730. It was a terrible device and is often associated in history with stories of tooth breaking, jaw fractures and soft tissue damage. Yet dental keys remained in use right up until the 20th century when they were replaced with modern steel forceps which are still in use today.

1800's era dental tools depicted in Pierre Fauchand's Le Chirurgien Dentiste
Dental tools envisioned in Pierre Fauchand’s Le Chirurgien Dentiste published in 1723

Pierre Fauchard moved to Paris in 1718 and frequently visited the famous Parisian libraries but was disappointed to find there were hardly any texts on dentistry. He was a French navy dentist and had acquired lots of practical experience and so he decided to write his own book based on his years in the field. It took him more than five years to write the two-volume book in which he described all the instruments he had invented.

What is the History of Root Canal Therapy?

In 1723, a French Physician named Pierre Fauchard published his book Le Chirurgien Dentiste. The Surgeon Dentist, A Treatise on Teeth, proved the existence of root pulp within each tooth. Naming and illustrating the characteristics of this living tissue is now considered humanity’s first step toward diagnosing ailments and treating maladies in the region. Pierre is recognized today as being among the first medical practitioners in history to try and save teeth rather than simply extract them when they suffered damage and decay.

At the University of Angers, Pierre undertook revolutionary medical and dental techniques and pioneered the science of Oral and Maxillo-facial surgery. He regard himself as a Chirugien Dentiste or a surgical dentist, and he created his own dental equipment from jewellery, watchmaking and barbers’ tools.

In 1838, an American dentist named Edwin Maynard created the first root canal therapy tool, using a watch spring. This was however not Maynard’s most famous invention. Although a practicing dentist, he graduated from West Point and is better known as a firearms inventor who became wealthy for his breechloading rifle design. Twelve years after pioneering the surgery and patenting the device, he declined the position of Imperial Dentist to Tsar Nicholas I and instead became professor of theory and practice in Baltimore College of Dental Surgery.

In 1847, the biological material gutta percha was first used to fill root canals. One of the lesser-known commodities traded by the Europeans in the South Pacific, gutta percha is a method and material still practiced and used to this day. This neutral substance is from a tree in Malaysia called a percha tree. The sapwood is used as filler after the tooth’s canals have been cleaned and disinfected.

In 1895, German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen discovered X-Rays while working in his cathode-ray tube laboratory. The X-Ray allows for easier detection of root canal infection. One of Röntgen’s first experiments was to record the bones in his wife’s hand. Dental X-Rays show dentists the condition of teeth and also roots, jaw placement, and facial bone composition. They help dentists find and treat dental problems before they become too serious or advanced.

In 1943, the American Association of Endodontics was created and is currently headquartered in Two Prudential Plaza Building in Chicago where they publish The Journal of Endodontics which is the official journal of the American Association of Endodontists.  This organization has given widespread credibility to endodontics and root canal therapy as an effective practice.

What Dental Tools are used for Root Canal Therapy?

Endodontic Burs  –   Burs are the first tools used during a root canal. They open the inside of the tooth so the canals can be reached. Burs come in different shapes and sizes depending on the type of tooth and treatment.

Root Canal Explorer –  This small, pointed tool is used to explore the inside of a tooth once it has been opened by burs so the endodontist can find orifices. Sometimes an explorer may be used to remove small amounts of calcification.

Endodontic excavator  –  Similar to, but longer and sharper than, explorers, excavators remove small amounts of tissue from inside the tooth.

Barbed Broach – The barbed broach is used to remove the majority of tissue from inside a tooth. It is inserted into the tissue so its barbs will grab the tissues when the tool is removed.

Files and Reamers  –  Like long, thin drill bits, these tools come in a variety of sizes. They are used gradually, the smallest first, to open and widen the canals so they can be accessed by the next appropriate tool.

Gates-Glidden drills  – This kind of drill bit helps to further open the canal, particular in molars. They are also used during root canal retreatment to remove gutta-percha, which is a putty-like material commonly used to fill root canals.

Peeso Reamer Drills     –  Peeso Reamer  tool is used exclusively to remove gutta-percha during retreatment.

Dental homeopathy? Can the human body heal tooth decay all by itself?

Unlike calcium bones, the human body cannot heal it’s own enameled teeth once they’ve become damaged. Cavities are the product of a tug-of-war that happens every day in peoples’ mouth. Teeth are surrounded by hard minerals that form enamel and while very strong, they’re not impervious to acid attack.

Root canal therapy is the treatment performed when the pulp, or the soft tissue inside of the tooth becomes infected. A human tooth contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue deep in its roots. The root infection occurs due to an injury or a severe, untreated cavity. The root canal consists of creating an opening in the tooth to remove the infected pulp and then sealing the tooth to prevent against future infection.

How has root canal therapy procedure been improved in recent years?

Archer Dental’s Root Canal Therapy has evolved over time with new medication and instrumentation and our own experience; we’ve performed countless endodontic surgeries at all three locations in the many years we’ve been in business. There have been significant changes and new studies and equipment have affected the way we execute the procedure.

Root canal therapy, endodontic tool cleaning the root of the tooth

The last few decades new dental instruments have been developed for single use only. Archer Dental does not employ such systems as the disposable material must be handled separately from other recycling, and we’re so environmentally conscious we strive to reduce all waste. However, the advent of such instrumentation became more popular during the pandemic because it completely removes the risk of cross-contamination and dramatically reduces the potential for dangerous instrument breakage. These instruments are purchased exclusively in sterilized and sealed packages and are never used more than once. They are opened during the surgery and used for that patient exclusively.

Disinfecting the interior of the tooth is where modern science really shines. Once the dentist is done removing the damage and cleaning inside of the tooth, they need to disinfect the area and create a closed environment. The main aim of root canal therapy is to remove all microbial contaminants and then close-up and seal-off the tooth. This way bacteria from the mouth will not be able to get back inside. Root canal sealers along with the latest filling materials (the thermoplastic antecedents of gutta percha) play a major role in achieving the three-dimensional sealing of the tooth. New sealers help dentists fill the canals and accomplish this goal. These sealers are binding agents which are used to adapt the filling material to the interior of the tooth and to fill up the voids and gaps inside the tooth. Root canal sealers, although used only as an accessory material in the sealing of root canals, have been shown to influence the outcome of root canal treatment. Archer Dental offers patients the latest tooth fillers and sealing materials to create a dense fill with no voids. This helps to ease discomfort and ‘paves’ the way toward a speedy recovery.

Rosedale VIP Dental Pods Featured in Toronto Guardian

Archer Dental Rosedale was featured in Toronto Guardian on Weds, Dec 8th.

Our new dental pods made the news! People are interested in seeing pictures and reading and learning about our new facilities, and now they’re booking appointments to visit our safe and sunny exam rooms. The cozy new spaces are smaller than regular operatories which means it’s easier for air filtration systems with medical grade HEPA filters to perpetually clean and purify the air.

Archer Dental Rosedale featured in Toronto Guardian on Wed 08 Dec 2021

The glass-enclosed dental examination rooms are made with Covid in mind to offer patients boutique dental experiences that are exclusive and secure.

Rosedale’s new exam rooms present dental patients with stunning views of Danforth Ave., Broadview Ave., and the Don River. Many people tell us they can see their homes, or schools, or some building in their area. This is neighbourhood dentistry! The new rooms get the morning sun, while larger operatories on the west side of the clinic overlook Toronto’s downtown core and enjoy warm afternoon rays.

Archer Dental Rosedale shows how Covid changed dentistry

Everything is so very streamlined. Archer Dental was among the first dental business in Canada to incorporate an AI chatbot, which we programmed ourselves to answer hundreds of frequently asked questions and for online appointment booking. This technology became a trendsetting solution in March 2020 with the onset of the Covid19 pandemic.

The ceiling vents clean the air with optional mood lighting which cycles through all colours.

This natural environment reduces anxiety and improves how patients perceive the health care center and how they’ll recall their own experiences

Archer Dental Rosedale, at Bloor and Sherbourne, is purpose-built to restore patient’s peace of mind, and oral health.

Archer Dental Offers Same Day Dentistry

With so many dental chairs available at Archer Dental Rosedale, it’s now possible for patients to enjoy same day dentistry which means any minor issue detected during a routine hygiene therapy session can very likely be resolved immediately, the same day, eliminating the need for another appointment.

The business conducted at all three Archer Dental locations is very streamlined. There’s no waiting in a common area beforehand, and no more lining-up to pay afterwards. Visitors are instead ushered direct to the examination rooms, and then hustled straight out again afterwards. The operatories are thoroughly cleaned and left dormant for a time in between. This is another reason why Rosedale opted to create more space.

Natalie Archer DDS is a subject matter expert regarding the most efficient layouts for modern dental clinics, and the Rosedale dental office is an inspiration. It’s incredibly clean and sterile, yet still manages to be a warm and friendly space where people can relax and feel safe.

Dr. Natalie Archer at Archer Dental Rosedale
Dr. Natalie Archer stands beside a VirusKiller air filtration machine at Archer Dental Rosedale

Advancing dental care in our changing world is the slogan embossed in white letters on the purple wall behind the front desk at Rosedale. This is not just a mission statement, but a rallying cry, in all three clinics.

VirusKiller Air Filters Increase Air Quality and Safety at our Dental Clinics

HEPA air filters to remove COVID19 in dental clinic

In June 2020, Archer Dental installed advanced anti-viral air filtration units called VirusKillers, and this is just one more way we protect our clinics and keep everyone safe.

VirusKiller air filtration devices in dental clinic

Archer Dental diligently guards against infection with vigilance and smart investments. We have both unique software and innovative hardware. Our frontline staff connects with each patient remotely before they arrive using Dental Attendant, an artificial intelligence chat bot which runs all prospective visitors through a nine-point questionnaire. We take everyone’s temperature upon arrival and use Sterilog, the very latest instrument sterilization system in addition to all our regular infection control procedures. And now in 2021, because coronavirus-19 is an airborne contagion, we’ve hired air filtration experts to come and improve the breathable atmospheric and air-circulation inside each of our clinics.

Alan Pinkerton simulates human exhale to measure and improve the dissipation rate.
Alan Pinkerton visits Archer Dental Rosedale – Sunday 21st Feb 2021

Dentistry is an Essential Service

Earlier this month, Ontario Premier Doug Ford declared a second state of emergency and issued a stay-at-home order for the province beginning on January 14th, 2021. This directive requires everyone to remain at home, except for essential workers, or people exercising, or going to the grocery store and pharmacy, or accessing health-care services. We’re dentists who provide essential health care and so we remain open. It falls on us to ensure our facilities are as safe as possible, and we’ve taken our responsibility to the extreme, for everyone’s benefit.

Dr. Natalie Archer with Alan Pinkerton
Dr. Natalie Archer with Alan Pinkerton

Alan Pinkerton is a Virus Hunter

Alan has a medical science background and uses state-of-the-art gadgets to track invisible contagion which he eliminates in his VirusKillers. He started the hunt by measuring the humidity and carbon dioxide levels in the operatories. Measuring CO2 is one way to get a baseline for tracking respiration and human breath exhale in a room; we watch the device gain a hundred points as three people converse in the space.

A carbon dioxide meter measures the gas in parts-per-million.

Alan’s hunt was very comprehensive. He checked each traveled space in each clinic before the air conditioner was turned-on to see how the natural layouts affect the way air moves in our facilities. Then he turned on the in-house HVACs and we eyeballed how much better the smoke moved through the room. Finally, after he installed his machine, we checked a third and final time to make sure all the simulated exhalant dissipated in under a second.

And where does the air go? Into a Radic8 VirusKiller 401.

Radic8 – VirusKiller401 in Archer Dental Baby Point

VK 401 by Radic8 was made in South Korea and was first developed after the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in 2003. These are the latest models Alan brokers today. The VK401 decontamination unit is specially designed for dental surgeries and other medically sensitive spaces. This is clean air technology solution that has been tested and proven to increase airflow and optimize disinfection in a small room, such as dental operatories. The air filtration unit deactivates viruses and bacteria and effectively neutralizes noxious gases and larger particles such as dust, dander, and other allergens.

VirusKiller hardward delivered to Archer Dental Little Italy
Radic8 VirusKiller air filtration units delivered to Archer Dental Little Italy

How does it work? As the room’s atmosphere passes through the machine, it goes through a two-stage cleaning process; first the air is purified and then disinfected. The pre-filter, HEPA filter, and activated carbon filter all combine to eliminate other particles like dust, pollen and smoke. Organic and biological contaminants are exposed to a patented UV-C Reactor Chamber, where germicidal hydroxyl radicals are produced to efficiently deactivate viruses, bacteria, mould, and fungi. This clean air is then delivered back into the breathing zone providing world-class, real-time indoor air protection.

The VirusKiller is ideal for small commercial spaces. Keep your eyes open for Alan Pinkerton, the Virus Hunter in medical offices, elderly care homes, government buildings, school classrooms and childcare facilities, and leisure facilities across Ontario.

Downtown Toronto Dentist, Emergency Dental Courier Bike Ride

Archer Dental Rosedale emergency dental courier delivery

On Wednesday the 12th of June 2019, at approximately 1:00 pm in the afternoon, a speedy bicycle courier transported a freshly constructed flipper (a temporary bite device made from denture acrylic that resembles the patient’s gums, and supports the replacement tooth) between Archer Dental’s two downtown Toronto dental clinic locations.  It’s a great ride that glimpses the city on a busy day.

The one-way cross-town trip takes seventeen and a half minutes to complete and shows congested intersections, public transit and life in the downtown core of Canada’s biggest city. The bike courier who supplied the video told us he could have done the ride in half the time, but instead of going all out, he stuck to the bike lanes and obeyed the signal lights.  The ride begins at Archer Dental Rosedale (600 Sherbourne St) in Bloordale Village, and the courier takes a direct route west along Gerrard St through the University of Toronto campus (where you can see the Graduating Class of 2019 Convocation Ceremonies occurring) all the way west along the College St bike lanes right to Archer Dental Little Italy (564 College St)   If you are a cyclist you will enjoy the speed (and he makes no huffing and puffing sounds!) and if you are from out of town you will enjoy seeing the urban scenery and faces of the residents as the camera zooms past.


Tooth Floss Threads Dental Medical History in Canada

cute guy tooth floss bathroom

‘Don’t be a savage’ is what well-mannered folks might say when they see their friends picking their teeth with business cards or any bits of paper handy on the table after a meaty dinner.  But Early Man didn’t have anything so fine as paper or thread. The best oral device that a savage could hope for was a sharp pointed hardwood splinter or fractured bone. Whoever came up with the idea of tooth floss?

Levi Spear Parmly, an American dentist in Canada invented tooth floss.

Levi Spear Parmly, a practical guide to the management of teeth

The man credited with inventing tooth floss was an American dentist named Levi Spear Parmly who was a prolific traveler and writer of medical dentistry books.  It was Parmly who introduced the idea of using waxen silk thread as dental floss.

That may not be the first-ever use, but it’s the first time the idea appears in print, in his book, A Practical Guide to the Management of Teeth.  In this text he stated that the silk thread should be run “through the interstices of the teeth… to dislodge that irritating matter which no brush can remove, and which is the real source of disease.”

Levi Spears Parmly, incidentally, also wrote Canada’s first dentistry book.  At some point in those two turbulent decades at the beginning of the 1800’s (there was a War in 1812 remember) he traveled from Vermont to Montreal, and after a short stay there he moved up river to Quebec City where he wrote and published the 65-page Summum Bonum in 1815.  The name is a Latin expression meaning “the highest good”, a Classical idea that was first introduced by the Roman philosopher Cicero. The book was published by John Nielson, a Scots-Quebecer politician and the editor of the newspaper La Gazette de Québec (The Quebec Gazette)  in what was then Lower Canada.

Although historians credit Parmly with the invention of modern dental floss, the first patent for dental floss was granted in 1874 to Asahel M. Shurtleff for An Improved Pocket Thread Carrier and Cutter that resembled modern floss packages.   Shurtleff was a partner in a Massachusetts medical devices company called Codman & Shurtleff which made and sold tooth floss comprised of unwaxed silk thread.  The business was not terrifically successful as dental floss didn’t become popular right away.  This medical supplies firm was acquired by Johnson & Johnson ninety years later in 1964.

What is modern dental floss?

close-up dental patient uses tooth floss to clean between teeth

Today we know dental floss as an impossibly strong cord nylon filament that’s used to remove food and dental plaque from between teeth in areas a toothbrush is unable to reach. Tooth floss is a relatively new medical product because there wasn’t suitable materials for widespread adoption until the invention of nylon thread. Ordinary household sewing thread (cotton thread) wasn’t strong enough to withstand the wear and tear of passing between teeth, and the stronger silk dental floss was hard to obtain in North America because it was a luxury item and too expensive to use as a utility textile. Plus the public demand wasn’t there yet. Training people to use tooth floss would take another half century.  In July 1898 Johnson & Johnson patented and marketed waxed silk floss in 12 and 24 yard spools. It was initially packaged in flat round metal containers, and then that evolved into more practical cylindrical tins that held a small amount of floss with a built-in sharp edge that allowed consumers to cut specific lengths, much like today.

Flossing teeth with nylon thread is the modern refinement of a very old idea.

monkey, chimp uses human hair as tooth flossWhile we don’t know the exact beginnings of tooth flossing, but it looks like as long as food has been getting stuck in our teeth we’ve used some type of inter-dental cleaner. Discoveries have been made that suggest cleaning between teeth was practiced as early as the Prehistoric period.  The act of tooth flossing can be observed in higher primates living in nature, as more than one species of monkeys practice flossing. The phenomenon has been most prominently observed in Thailand where Long-tailed macaque monkeys have been known to pull out hair from their human visitors and use it as floss. They have also been observed flossing with coconut fibers or twigs, and mothers have been observed showing children how to do it properly.

Despite being introduced at the beginning of the 19th century, tooth flossing didn’t catch on right away. Victorian’s were more interested in using fancy toothpicks rather than touching their teeth. Gold and ivory handled toothpicks were a status symbol to flash after fancy dinners and the Victorians loved knick-knacks.

Tooth Flossing Went Mainstream When New Materials Lowered Prices

It wasn’t until the mid-20th century that flossing became more widespread and that was due entirely to the high price of silk in the United States and Canada. It wasn’t cheap. During World War II it was especially precious and conserved as a strategic resource.  Right after the war, Dr. Charles C. Bass, known in the USA as The Father of Preventive Dentistry, developed nylon floss, noting that it was more elastic and durable than silk. After the war, the daily ritual of flossing teeth went mainstream across the Western Hemisphere and then all over the world.

Modern Tooth Floss

Tooth floss is still made of nylon, but now there’s a lot more options including dental tape, waxed floss or woven floss. There are pre-threaded floss picks and floss threaders for orthodontic patients; there are even devices that floss your teeth with water or compressed air.

All in all, it doesn’t much matter what you use to floss, what matters is that you do! Correct daily flossing can make all the difference in your oral health and is one of the simplest ways to prevent tooth decay. So, since human beings have been cleaning between their teeth for centuries, all we have to say is keep up the good work, and floss on!

Biodegradable tooth floss products clean teeth and give consumers some peace of mind knowing they are helping the environment.  All-natural floss is biodegradable and becoming more popular in the marketplace. The threads are designed to be strong when you need them but to break down rapidly and not harm the planet.  Several environmentally-friendly alternatives to nylon floss  exist today that produce almost no waste.

History of floss pick

The Flosspick schematic for patent library of congress, tooth flossing device A floss pick is a disposable oral hygiene device generally made of plastic and dental floss. The instrument is composed of two prongs extending from a thin plastic body of high-impact polystyrene material. A single piece of floss runs between the two prongs. The body of the floss pick generally tapers at its end in the shape of a toothpick. There are two types of angled floss picks in the oral care industry, the ‘Y’-shaped angle and the ‘F’-shaped angle floss pick. At the base of the arch where the ‘Y’ begins to branch there is a handle for gripping and maneuvering before it tapers off into a pick.

Floss picks are manufactured in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes for adults and children. The floss can be coated in fluoride, flavor or wax. In 1888, a practitioner named B.T. Mason wrapped a fibrous material around a toothpick and dubbed it the ‘combination tooth pick.’  In 1916, J.P. De L’eau invented a dental floss holder between two vertical poles.  In 1935, F.H. Doner invented what today’s consumer knows as the ‘Y’-shaped angled dental appliance, the schematic pictured to the left.  In 1963, James B. Kirby invented a tooth-cleaning device that resembles an archaic version of today’s F-shaped floss pick. In 1972, an inventor named Richard L. Wells found a way to attach floss to a single pick end.  In the same year, another inventor named Harry Selig Katz came up with a method of making a disposable dental floss tooth pick.  By the end of 1980’s, floss-picks became mass marketed in many different shapes and sized disposable appliances.


CREST Selects Dr. Natalie Archer as Spokesperson

Dr Archer for CREST Medifacts

Crest Canada, the toothpaste company, picked Toronto dentist Dr Natalie Archer to speak on their behalf in a Buchanon Group Medifacts infomercial promoting their Pro Health toothpaste.

In this Crest Canada sponsored Medifacts clip, Dr. Natalie Archer DDS plays herself, a real life dentist in Toronto, as she breaks down the benefits of incorporating Pro-Health toothpaste with stannous flouride into your oral healthcare routine. Stannous fluoride is a well known anti-bacterial agent that’s clinically proven to protect against gingivitis, plaque and tooth sensitivity, while still providing the trusted cavity protection you expect from Crest toothpaste.  Stannous (from Latin stannum, ‘tin’) flouride is a chemical compound with the formula SnF2.
stanous flouride in toothpaste

Buchanon Group, makers of ‘Brand Power’, ‘MediFacts’ and ‘InfoTalk’ are leading producers of infomercials in Canada and around the world.  .

Buchanon’s 2014 Aspirin Medifacts Video Went Viral

Buchanon’s Medifacts video series has been around for a decade or more now.  Their most famous video was shot in late 2014 when the ASPIRIN 81mg brand from Bayer received approval from Health Canada to claim it may help save a life in the event of a heart attack.  The approved claim was, “If you think you’re having a heart attack, call 9-1-1 and chew 2 ASPIRIN 81mg”. So they made a Medifacts video to tell the nation. And it worked.

In the following two years, consumer testimonials were received thanking the brand for sharing this message and for helping to save the life of loved ones. Consumers also relayed that when paramedics arrived on scene, they often asked if the patient had taken ASPIRIN.

Myobrace in Toronto at Archer Dental – Straighten Childrens’ Teeth Without Braces

child wears myobrace on the street

Archer Dental now proudly offers Myobrace®, a no-braces approach to straightening children’s teeth and jaws.

That’s right, orthodontics with no braces.

What is Myobrace?

Myobrace focuses on treating the underlying causes of children’s crooked teeth by gently re-aligning and correcting less than optimal bites and jaw alignments in their younger and slightly more malleable mouths.

children get myobrace custom fit to correct crooked teeth in jaw

Child holds his custom fit Myobrace

The same principles can also be applied to correct bites in older people, but the device and practice is slightly different (next month, we’ll also be writing about Myosa).

Trusted by reputable dentists and orthodontists in almost fifty countries around the world, Myobrace has already successfully treated millions of children, and is now available at all three Archer Dental locations in Toronto, Canada.

Nature vs Nurture as it relates to Crooked Teeth

There is a great debate raging in dental circles about what really causes crooked teeth. Is it genetics, as we always believed, that leaves people helpless to their body’s dental development? Or is having a misshapen mouth as a teenager the result of inferior breathing habits learned in early childhood? There are arguments on both sides but dentists at Archer Dental are now leaning toward the latter.

It’s common for parents and grandparents to look at their small children and recognize their own noses and eyes, and their own crooked teeth.  At the same time, parents often scold toddlers for sucking their thumbs which they believe, and which many orthodontists have told them, is a leading cause of ‘buck teeth’ and misaligned mouths.  So, which is the true culprit? Or is every case different and perhaps genes and behaviour are both factors?

Dr Chris Farrell developed Myobrace in Australia

Dr Chris Farrell at MRC, Australia

New thinking suggests crooked teeth are not so much inherited as they are trained, and that misshapen bites are the negative result of a child’s breathing patterns and poor myofunctional habits.  This means that with a little work, it may be possible for small children to not inherit the crooked smiles of their parents and grandparents.

Myobrace originates from the work of Australian orthodontist Dr Chris Farrell who is also the CEO of Myofunctional Research Corp (MRC). MRC has been developing innovative intra-oral appliances to treat the causes of malocclusion and TMJ disorder since 1989. MRC develops educational resources to change people’s perceptions about oral health development and to provide both the public and professionals with informative teaching materials that highlight the importance of correcting bad myofunctional habits in children as early as possible.  To this end, MRC’s mission statement is: “To Improve the facial and dental development of the growing child and allow treatment for orthodontic and TMJ disorders to be available to all populations with the use of modern and less complex techniques”.

Under Dr. Chris Farrell’s leadership, from 1989 to present day, MRC developed their dental trainers for treating malocclusion into a range of appliance systems suitable for growing children of all ages.

myobrace graphic showing incorrect tounge position on teeth Myofunctional Therapy aims to correct dental dysfunction

Certain conditions and habits learned in childhood can negatively impact oral posture and function. The result is called a myofunctional disorder. Though there are different kinds of disorders, all involve a change in the amount of vertical space between the dental arches when the mouth is at rest, or what dentists and other health practitioners call ‘freeway space’.  One of the main goals of myofunctional therapy is to normalize this space by teaching patients new ways of chewing, breathing and swallowing, ultimately encouraging proper function instead of dysfunction.  Myofunctional therapy can help people of all ages train themselves out of having bad dental posture and is especially effective in children.

Myobrace discourages incorrect myofunctional habits

The specially fitted plastic hardware makes thumb-sucking, nail-biting, and tongue thrusting quite impossible. Instead the device reinforces positive myofunctional behaviour such as closed-lip nasal breathing and proper tongue function and swallowing patterns.  The innovation aims to create a normal and harmonious oral-facial muscle environment, and to restore balance to the mouth, face, head, neck and body.

Mouth breathing – When children breath through their mouths rather than their nose, their tongue doesn’t rest in the roof of the mouth properly. This often results in an underdeveloped upper jaw and restricts the forward growth of the lower jaw.  Along with the concern of teeth crowding and the resultant crooked teeth, incorrect development of the upper jaw can affect a child’s breathing by restricting their air intake.

tounge thrusting as daytime resting position pushing teeth forward

Child tongue thrusting

Tongue thrusting is the common name for an orofacial muscular imbalance which manifests as a bad habit. Tongue thrusting occurs when the individual takes comfort in moving their tongue forward so that it protrudes through the anterior incisors during swallowing, speech, and even while the tongue is at rest.  The other name for this is ‘reverse swallowing’ (which along with the picture to the left, might help you to visualize and understand this oral habit better.)  People who tongue thrust are at serious risk of developing oral deformities and other preventable ailments and dysfunctions over time.

Thumb sucking and nail biting are two other negative myofunctional habits that should be discouraged in small children. Bear in mind there is difference between resting a thumb in the mouth and a child actively sucking their thumb. The former is natural and was probably practiced by the infant in the womb, while the later could lead to tongue thrusting as detailed above.

Allergies, asthma and an open mouth posture also contribute to incorrect jaw development. Growing up, most of us have had one or more of these myofunctional problems, which may have been the cause of incorrect dental and facial development.

Sleep Disorders can result from mouth breathing while at rest, and these are a self perpetuating cycle for deteriorating oral health.  As well as affecting jaw and facial development, the medical profession now recognizes that mouth breathing is abnormal and is one of the main contributors to Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) problems.  Generally speaking, children that snore are often tired in the morning and are more likely to have learning problems and other developmental challenges.  If left untreated in a child, SDB will likely result in more and greater health problems and a poorer quality of life in general for sufferer as an adult.

Symptoms commonly associated with Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) can include:

  • Developmental and behavioural problems
  • Snoring
  • Gasping
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Interrupted sleep

If your child suffers from any of these SDB symptoms, please consider scheduling an appointment at any of our three locations for a health exam. Early evaluation for the signs of poor jaw development and immediate remedial action can save your family financially and dramatically improve the quality of life for your child.

What is Myobrace?

Myobrace system for treating crooked teeth at the root origins TMJ misaligned jaws children myofunctional behaviourThe Myobrace®System is a preventive pre-orthodontic treatment that focuses on addressing the underlying causes of crooked teeth, often without the need for braces or extraction of teeth.  Myobrace is a series of removable intra-oral appliances that unlock natural growth and development. Treatment is best suited to children aged 3 to 15 and involves wearing myobrace in the mouth for one or two hours each day plus overnight while sleeping.

How to get your child started on Myobrace?

Visit the dentists at Archer Dental for analysis.  Additionally, and perhaps before you book your visit, you could continue your research and answer Myobrace ten point questionnaire. The Myobrace questionnaire is an online evaluation which allows you to screen your child for ‘the causes’ that may be negatively affecting his or her jaw and facial development.  The document asks for insights on how your child breathes, their posture, the open or closed position of their mouth and tongue at rest, as well as information on the way they swallow. These are their myofunctional habits and MRC will attempt to link these behaviours to the way your child’s teeth and jaws develop. You can print the questionnaire or send the results to the dental office prior to or during your first visit to Archer Dental.

Hogtown Wrestler, The Lover, gets a Custom Sports Mouth Guard

In October 2016, Archer Dental was thrilled to positively impact the professional sports world in Toronto when we made a custom sports guard (an athletic mouth guard) for a charming Indy wrestler named The Lover (whose wrestling outfit is adorned with pink hearts and the slogan, ‘I put the harm in charm!‘)

The Lover arriving at Archer Dental The Lover arriving at Archer Dental

The Lover is on the roster as a regular contender at Hogtown Wrestling in Toronto and, in his own words, he’s in-it-to-win-it. He wants a championship titleLike everyone else on the roster, he wants to wear the Hogtown Wrestling Championship Belt and be called ‘The Champ’.

The Lover's Sports GuardThe Lover doesn’t mess around with match fixing politics, nor does he deliberately call out opponents or make any enemies in the ring; He’s too busy obsessing over his own good looks in any mirror or camera lens he can find. 

The Lover is a very good looking muscular man and he knows it!  He also has nice teeth that he wants to keep safe from flying elbows, head butts and face plants. This is a huge part of the reason why we were so happy to help him create a sports guard that would protect his teeth and keep his smile intact!

The Lover’s Sports Guard

Remember a sports guard only covers the top teeth, unlike a full mouth guard which is applied to the whole mouth. The purpose of the sports guard is to act as a shock absorber for the mouth, and to protect the front teeth from excessive force – like being thrown face first into a wrestling mat, or a ring rope post.  The sports mouth guard also protects the athlete’s head and brain from concussion.

If the blow is delivered onto the mouth area, the device also keeps athletes’ lips and tongues safe from being cut on their upper teeth.  This is safety apparel that every professional wrestler should employ and something we are offering the league at discount pricing – (if you’re an athlete reading this and want the same deal, just contact us and tell us your story).

Dr. Archer with the Lover during the fitting Dr. Archer with the Lover during the fitting

When high performance athletes visit our dental office and order a custom sports guard rather than a full mouth guard, it’s because they want the liberty to speak or call out during the game without having to remove a physical speech impediment, and The Lover has a lot to say both inside and outside the wrestling ring.

Custom made sports guards can come in any colour – they are individually designed to fit the athlete’s mouth and so are very comfortable to wear.

To get the custom fit, The Lover visited our Rosedale dental office twice. The first encounter was only 15 minutes long as staff members took an impression of his upper teeth using a quick setting polymer gel.  Then we sent him away and told him to come back a week later (he brought a full camera crew with him to document the occasion!)

The Lover with his completed Sports Guard The Lover with his completed Sports Guard

The thick plastic device was created out of a cement mould made from the hardened polymer gel impression we took of his teeth. He chose the colour pink to match the hearts on his black spandex suit.

It’s important to note that all sports mouth guards should be replaced after 18 months or two ‘seasons’ of play because they can wear down over time, making them less effective as a damage mitigating agent from harmful blows.

Replacement sports guards are especially important for adolescents because their mouths continue to grow as their teeth develop into adulthood. Many athletes who play different sports order new mouth guards from Archer Dental every six months as part of their routine dental check-up.