Periodontal Disease

Treatment of the periodontal disease begins with the removal of tartar (gingival calculus) and biofilm deposits (plaque). A common first step is called scaling and root planning, which seeks to remove tartar by scraping it away from the tooth surfaces. The problem with dental calculus (tartar) is that it harbours harmful bacteria.

Gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease (non-destructive). It is when there’s an inflammation of the gum tissue. When plaque builds up on the surface, it’s called plaque-induced gingivitis. If left untreated, it can escalate to the destructive form, Periodontitis, which affects the tissues that support and surround the teeth. With poor oral care, bacteria can infiltrate the gum line and affect the underlying bone. If left untouched, it can lead to damage of the teeth’s supporting tissues, loosened teeth, and eventually lost teeth.


Signs of Gingivitis include:

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath

Signs of Periodontitis include:

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing
  • Gums that pull away from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath or a constant metallic taste in your mouth
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • An alteration in the way your teeth fit together

Six steps that will help you enjoy healthier teeth and gums:

  • Make sure you brush your teeth for at least two minutes, and at least twice daily
  • Floss daily between all your teeth to remove plaque
  • Rinse with antiseptic mouthwash. Ask your dentist what is recommended.
  • Make healthy food choices. Not only is it good for your oral health, it's good for your whole body
  • Regularly schedule and attend your dental appointments with your dental team
  • Quit smoking. Studies have linked cigarettes with destroyed bones that support the teeth. Smoking also weakens the immune system, increasing your chances of periodontal disease

Now for some good news! If you can follow these six simple steps, periodontal disease is easily preventable and manageable and it only takes just a few minutes a day! But if you have more questions about your appointment, simply ask us, we love to answer questions. We like to make sure you understand your oral health and you know you’re in good hands. Our team is ready to exceed your expectations.